Heavy bleeding can be life threatening. In this case, you must call the emergency services - emergency number 112
The triangular cloth helps to treat head space wounds
© W & B / Ulrike Möhle
Avoid touching wounds with your hands if possible. When treating other people's bleeding, protect yourself by wearing disposable gloves. If the wound bleeds more intensely, the patient should definitely lie down and treat the wound lying down because there is a risk of circulatory collapse.
Laceration on the head:
Provide with a sterile wound pad. To fix it, knot the triangular scarf on the side of the head (see picture above). Head injuries can also bleed profusely. If this is the case, you should also press the outside of the bandage with your hand.
Bend your head slightly forward. Cool the neck, for example with a damp washcloth. Caution, ice packs must not touch the skin directly, otherwise frostbite could occur! Do not put cotton or gauze in your nose - the blood should drain and not be swallowed. If there is bleeding from the front part of the nose, it may help to press the nostrils firmly together with your fingers for a few minutes and breathe through your mouth during this time. More on the subject in the nosebleed guide.
- On the leg, press the cloth onto the wound
- On the arm, press the cloth onto the wound
- On the torso or head - press cloths onto or into the wound
If you have severe bleeding, you should apply a pressure bandage if possible and call the emergency services.
The Europe-wide uniform emergency number 112 can be reached free of charge from all landline and mobile networks. The emergency number can also be called on someone else's cell phone that is locked by a PIN.
Cover the wound with a sterile dressing. Wrap a bandage two or three times to hold it in place. Place a second, unopened first aid kit from the first aid kit as a pressure pad and fix it with the rest of the bandage. But be careful: Do not tie so tightly that the limb turns blue.
Foreign bodies in the wound, such as wooden branches or knives, should not be pulled out! They act like a "plug" and should therefore be left in place. If removed, the wound can bleed freely.
Severed body parts:
Cut fingers and other severed limbs can often be sewn back on. But treat the wound first! Under no circumstances clean or wash the severed body part, but wrap it sterile and place it in a tight bag. To cool, put this bag in a second one that is filled with ice and water. Direct contact with ice should be avoided as this can lead to cold damage to the amputate. Please treat the amputate carefully and give it to the emergency services.