Muscle discomfort

Muscle complaints can appear in the form of pain, cramps or muscle weakness. The causes are manifold

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There are numerous triggers behind muscle ailments, both harmless and serious. The following overview only offers a selection of important causes. It is not complete and should not be understood as a guide to self-diagnosis. The diagnosis can only be made by a doctor after a thorough examination.

muscle pain

Muscle pain often occurs after injuries and overuse (for example bruises, torn muscles, "sore muscles"). Usually there is a clear temporal connection with a triggering event. If this is not the case, there are various other reasons. Circulatory disorders, mostly in the legs, can manifest themselves in typical walking distance-dependent pain, which regresses when standing (PAOD, intermittent claudication). Polyneuropathies (nerve damage, often due to diabetes, but also from chronic alcohol consumption or vitamin deficiencies, e.g. vitamin B deficiency) can manifest themselves as muscle pain. Typically, sensory disorders such as tingling or numbness also occur here. Generalized muscle pain in the context of viral infections (for example flu infections or influenza) is also common. Certain rheumatic diseases (such as muscular rheumatism or fibromyalgia syndrome) can also cause extremely severe muscle pain. Nocturnal muscle pain in the legs can also be triggered by restless legs syndrome.

Muscle cramps

Muscle cramps can be caused by a lack of certain blood salts (such as potassium, sodium, or magnesium). A deficiency in these electrolytes sometimes occurs as part of treatment with diuretics (water tablets) - or as a result of fluid and salt losses through the gastrointestinal tract (for example, in the case of gastrointestinal infections, chronic use of certain laxatives) or through profuse sweating .

Muscle weakness

Muscle weakness regularly develops during physical inactivity, for example due to lengthy bed rest due to illness or when individual extremities are immobilized after an injury. Attempts are increasingly being made to counteract this development through early functional treatment methods. Various general diseases can also affect the muscles (secondary myopathies). These include an underactive thyroid, Cushing's syndrome (hypercortisolism, which means too much cortisol in the blood), advanced kidney dysfunction or a phosphate deficiency. In some cases, neurological diseases are the cause of muscle weakness. Disorders of the nerves (such as spinal cord injuries or diseases with paraplegic symptoms, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, polio, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) or muscle diseases (e.g. myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy) come into question. In addition to flaccid muscle paralysis, there is also paralysis of the muscles due to increased muscle tension (spastic paralysis). Spastic paralysis is typical for damage to certain regions in the brain (for example, due to a lack of oxygen in the newborn during birth or due to a stroke, multiple sclerosis) and the spinal cord (as in paraplegia).

Important NOTE:
This article is for general guidance only and is not intended to be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

Muscles