Seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis)

The skin disease manifests itself as yellowish, greasy scales, especially on the head and face. Which therapies help

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Seborrheic eczema - briefly explained

  • Seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis, colloquially gneiss) is harmless, non-contagious and is one of the most common skin diseases.
  • Yellowish, greasy scales form, including on the skin of the head and face. The skin under the scales is reddened.
  • The exact causes are not known. In addition to genetic and other factors, certain yeasts that colonize the skin probably play a role.
  • Special shampoos and creams can help.
  • Eczema is treatable, but often not permanently curable. In many cases it recurs or becomes chronic.

Symptoms: what does seborrheic eczema look like?

The skin disease manifests itself as whitish-yellowish flakes of skin, which are often also greasy. Often there are coherent yellowish foci on individual skin areas. The skin underneath is reddened and inflamed.

If the dandruff develops on the scalp, it can be very itchy. If they occur in other parts of the body, itching is less common.

This is what seborrheic dermatitis can look like:

© SciencePhotoLibrary / BiophotoAssociates


© SciencePhotoLibrary / BiophotoAssociates

Seborrheic eczema in the forehead area

© SciencePhotoLibrary / DrMarazzi

Seborrheic eczema on the hairline

© F1online / docstock

Seborrheic eczema on the neck


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Where does seborrheic eczema appear on the body?

The dandruff is particularly common on the scalp and face. Mainly affected

  • the hairline
  • the eyebrows
  • the expression lines between the nose and mouth (nasolabial folds)
  • the beard area

Sometimes the scales also appear in the middle of the chest (sternum region) and in other parts of the trunk, as well as in or behind the ears or in the genital region.

In babies, seborrheic eczema also primarily affects the scalp. That is why the skin disease is also known colloquially as "head gneiss". In contrast to eczema in adults, the skin disease in babies heals on its own after a few months in most cases.

More about seborrheic eczema in babies: